The complex includes a drone, a demining robot, an autopilot, and a towed tractor system capable of withstanding an explosion. The system works autonomously, if necessary it allows you to control the vehicle from a safe distance without a risk, so human involvement and, accordingly, the risks to the lives of farmers are minimized as much as possible.
The author of this project is Oleksandr Prykhodchenko, the managing owner of the "Gardarika Tres" company, a resident of the Ukrainian Future business incubator. He is the CEO of the startup efarm.pro, which develops technological solutions for the agricultural sector - universal agro navigators and controllers. They became the basis for the creation of a complex for demining fields. According to Oleksandr himself, the idea of the project arose in the first months of the beginning of the war:
"My farmer clients talked about a critical problem: the impossibility of working on mined lands. Those who nevertheless risked going into the field were often blown up by mines and lost their equipment, or even their lives. Given the scale of mine pollution - the UN already called Ukraine one of the most mined countries in the world - farmers would have to wait for years for their turn to clear hundreds and thousands of hectares of land. So the need for alternative safe demining became obvious," Oleksandr says. He involved developers, experts, sappers, and farmers to generate the solution. And within a few monthsn the prototype was ready.
The demining complex involves three levels of surveying the territories and decontamination of dangerous objects: first, the field is scanned by an unmanned aerial vehicle equipped with appropriate sensors, and the function of transmitting the exact coordinates of the location of explosive devices with geotagging. It detects explosives at a depth of up to 1 m. It is neutralized by a demining robot and certified sappers. Next, a remote-controlled tractor with a trailed protection system goes to the field, it passes the upper layer of the soil, which guarantees safe work.
"The tractor works in autonomous mode without an operator in the cab. This excludes the possibility of his death or injury. In addition, the technic is covered by protective equipment that works according to the principle of a mine trawl. This process guarantees that nothing dangerous will remain in the ground. The system provides for automatic work on large areas with an accuracy of 2 cm along a given route. The tractor traverses the field at a speed of 5 km/h, i.e., in a 10-hour working day, it is capable to scan 20 hectares of land," the developer noted.
The work of the complex from efarm.pro will take place in the fields of the de-occupied territories. So far, it is about demining the fields before sowing. However, in the future, it is possible to improve the complex so that it also allows safe harvesting in fields where there is a danger of mine contamination.